Tuesday, May 22, 2012

The Proto-Saharan Civilization by Dr. Clyde Winters

In ancient times a wonderful civilization existed in the Highland regions of Middle Africa. In this wonderful civilization 6000 years ago lived the ancestors of the Dravidians, Black Africans, Elamites and the Sumerians. Today we call this Proto-Saharan civilization the "Fertile African Crescent", because the highland regions in which the Proto-Saharans l lived formed a crescent shape across the Saharan region of middle Africa.

Pastoralism and fishing preceded food production in the ancient Sahara. It appears that a hunter-fisher-gatherer group which clearly specialized in the hunting of animals (as evidenced by the arrowheads) became animal herders, since they were keenly aware of the habits of game and therefore made the shift from hunter-fisher-gatherer to animal husbandry rapidly once climatic conditions in the Sahara made it impossible to collect grains.

Moderate climatic conditions made it possible for the Proto-Saharans to engage in intensive plant domestication. Food surpluses led to the rise of towns and cities, complex political organization. social ranking of individuals in society, and craft specialization as certain clans and ethnic groups became more sedentary.

The linguistic evidence indicates that the Proto-Saharans practiced a form of intensive agriculture characterized by the use of the hoe, related water storage and irrigation techniques plus the application of fertilizers to the cultivated land.

The ability to produce surplus food led to an increase in population, changes in social organization and class distinctions. Naturally, population increases forced the ancestors of the Proto-Saharans to spill over into more marginal areas. This population pressure probably forced many Proto-Saharan clans to domesticate plants and animals to preserve traditional levels of food production.

The ancestors of the Dravidians, Manding and Sumerians were organized into a federal system during the neolithic subpluvial. These early Proto- Saharans made adequate uses of local game and plant life and they established permanent and seasonal settlements around well stocked fishing holes. They lived on plains, punctuated by mountains and numerous points of inundation due to the frequency of rain in the ancient Sahara.

The early ability to find permanent sources of food and shelter during the neolithic by the Proto-Dravidians, and other Proto-Saharans led to increased domestic functioning of the woman, since hunting wild game and the constant need of the Proto-Saharans to provide food and the search for herds of game, as a source of food was no longer that important. The stability of the hearth maintained by the women led to the development of a matriarchal system. In addition to a matrillineal pattern of inheritance among these people, women had equal rights to the men.

Women created agriculture. Thus, the term"Ma",appears in the languages spoken by the descendants of the Proto-Saharans to denote both "mother" and "earth area".

The Proto-Saharans claimed descent from the Maa or Fish Confederation. The Maa Confederation includes the Egyptians, Elamites, Dravidians, Manding and Sumerians. In honor of the great ancestor: Maa, they worshipped a god called: Amun, Amon, or Amma. In honor of this great ancestor the descendants of the Proto-Saharans use the term Ma, to denote greatness or highness, e.g., Manding " Maga" and Dravidian Ma. Other Proto-Saharan tribes claimed direct descent from the great Maa, founder of the Fish Confederation. For example, the Manding call themselves Ma-nde: children of Ma, while the Sumerians were called Ma-Gar-ri (exalted God's children).

The Proto-Saharans share place names. Evidence for shared place names has been discovered by Dr. Vamos-Toth Bator. Dr. Vamos-Toth Bator, calls this ancient civilization ---root culture-- Tamana. The term Tamana can be interpreted in the Manding and Dravidian language as "Strongplace","Stronghold" or "Original Settlement". The term Tamana is one of over 1,000,000 place names Dr. Vamos-Toth has found which link Africa, Asia, and Europe.

The term Tamana, was a popular place name for the Proto-Saharans, as they expanded out of the nuclear Proto-Saharan region, to signify a colonial city or trade center established among hostile alien tribes.

The Proto-Saharans also had their own writing system. This writing system was used by the Dravidians in the Indus Valley, the Manding in the Western Sahara, and the Egyptians.

The ancient Proto-Saharan script was a logo syllabic system. The words used to write this script were monosyllabic.

This writing was engraved on rocks, a stylus was used to engrave wet clay. This view is supported by the fact that the term for writing in Dravidian and Egyptian has supported by the fact that the term for writing in /l/, /r/ or /d/. For a U attached to initial consonants usually /l/, /r/ or /d/. For example, writing in Sumerian was Ru and Shu, Elamite: Talu, Dravidian: Carru and Egyptian: Mdu. These terms agree with the Manding terms for excavate or hollow out: du, do, kulu, tura, etc. This shows that the Proto-Saharan term for writing denoted the creation of impressions on wet clay or hard rock. The Sumerians term for carving was du.

A comparative study of the Proto-Saharan languages (PS), gives us a very clear indication of their cultural traits, at the time of separation. Suzanne Romaine, makes a good case for the separability of the linguistic area of research and that of socio-cultural research and the synchronic with the diachronic historical areas. This use of linguistic data to highlight the cultural history of related groups of speakers, was also supported by Labov , who suggested that people having similar scoio-cultural traits, would also be linguistically similar. As will soon be illustrated in this book, this theory is supported by the analogy between the Dravidian, Manding and Sumerian languages.

It is interesting to note that although the Dravidians, Manding and Sumerians live in varying topography and climate, and in self supporting semi-isolated regions they used the same terms to denote the earliest elements of civilization. Terms which show little phonological divergence. Moreover, these terms are mutually intelligible. This shows that the speakers of these languages came from a common ancestral language: Bafsudraalam.

The early contact between the Dravidians, Manding and Sumerians in the Proto-Sahara led to great resemblances in the area of the cultural lexicon. This is particularly evident in the affinity between culture terms referring to the Proto- civilization of the speakers of these languages. The sedentary lifestyle of the Proto-Saharans emphasize the role of culture as a determinant of linguistic structure and vocabulary.

An examination of the Proto-Saharan languages illustrates that the speakers of these languages lived in cities PS *uru, and had chiefs PS *sar. In addition to living in cities the Proto-Saharans had built extensive roads called PS *sila.

The PS term for people or humanity was PS *oku. The mother of the family was called PS *amma or *ma. and the father was called PS *pa. The children both boys and girls were usually referred to as PS *de/di/du. They lived in houses called PS *-u/*lu.

The Proto-Saharans used the suffix PS *-ta to indicate a place of habitation. Cultivation was called PS *ga(n); cultivatable barren land near water was referred to as PS *de/i(n).

The Proto-Saharans were great sailors. They used celestial navigation to make long voyages. The Proto-Saharans also used boats called PS *kalam.

Hunting was an important aspect of Proto-Saharan life. As a result the bow and arrow was a popular weapon, e.g., arrow PS *kaka.

Many of the long distance voyages made by the Proto-Saharans were made in search of precious metals. The Proto-Dravidians dominated trade in lapis lazuli for hundreds of years. As a result they were familiar with mining. They therefore share the term for digging: Dravidian tulai, Manding du, tyolo, and Sumerian dul, tul,: PS*tul.

These people probably knew about blacksmithy e.g., Tamil: irumbu,Telugu : inamu, Manding: numu, umu "forge". These Proto-Saharans were familiar with many metals including copper: Dravidian uruttiran, Sumerian urdu, and Manding: kura, kuta: PS *urut; gold: Dravidian: kaani, Kaanam, Sumerian: Gush-kin, and Manding: saani, PS *aani; and Steel, Dravidian: alavu, urukku, Elamite: ufat and Manding tuufa PS *ufa.

Above we have discussed many of the cultural first which the Proto-Saharans created in ancient Africa. The linguistic evidence clearly indicates that the Dravidians, Elamites, Black Africans and Sumerians formerly lived in the Highland regions of the Sahara until after the Sahara began to dry up. As the highland regions of the Sahara became a desert the Proto-Saharans spread from middle Africa to America, Europe, Asia and throughout Africa.

The Tamana Civilization

by Clyde Winters



Was there once a Universal World Culture? A researcher in Hawaii, Dr. Vomos-Toth Bator thinks there was such a culture. And he has presented over 1,000,000 place names from around the world to prove his point.

At Borota-Kukula in Hungary, Borota near Lake Chad in Africa, Kukura, Bolivia and Kukula, New Guinea we find Cone-Houses of similar shapes. In addition we find that 6000 year old pottery signs from sites such as Tordos in the Carpathian Basin of Europe, ancient Egypt and Banpo in China all show amazing corre- spondence.

All of these similarities in place-names and cultural expressions ,separated by thousands of miles suggest that at sometime in our distant past mankind shared a universal culture, just as they spoke a similar proto- language which linguists call Nostratic. A researcher in Hawaii, Dr. Vamos-Toth believes he has found this Universal culture which spanned the entire world untold millennia before our present era. Dr. Vamos-Toth calls this pre-Diluvial culture: Tamana, the name these ancient civilizers used to denote their colonial cities. The people practicing this culture are called the Proto-Saharans.

Dr. Vomos-Toth over a decade ago observed that certain place-names common to his ancestral home in the Carpathian Basin of his beloved Hungary, were also found in countries outside of Europe. After years of research he discovered that 5800 places names are found in the Carpathian Basin and 149 countries around the world. Over 3500 of these place names can be seen outside of Eurasia, in Africa, the Americas and Oceania. Most of these towns and rivers that share Tamana place names are found in areas recently discovered or geographically not known even 100-150 years ago.

Topographical names rarely change, eventhough new peoples may settle in an area. For example my home town of Chicago, still bears a name originally given the area by its form Indian inhabitants.

The term Tamana is a place name found in 24 countries around the world. Recently, Dr. Vomos-Toth discovered the occurrence of this place name as a river in Northern Ontario: Tamuna (< Tamana) . This place-name situated in a secluded swampy area near the Hudson Bay, is an infusive-superfusive survival of the Tamana or Proto-Saharan culture.

The term Tamana in the Manding language of Africa, the Magyar language of Hungary and the Dravidian languages spoken in India share the same meaning: "Strong Place, Stronghold' or 'Original Settlement. Since the cities established by the Tamana people were cities or trading centers situated among hostile tribes led to these settlements being called: Tamana or 'stronghold'.

The Tamana people may have come from Saharan Africa, because they appear to have expanded around the world after the Deluge which some researchers like Zecharia Sitchin , who in his book When Time Began, believes that the great flood occurred 13,000 years ago. He believes that 13,000 years ago climatic changes occurred after the Antarctica ice sheet melted and sent a giant tidal wave destroying low-land areas throughout the world.

There is considerable mention of a great deluge in the legends and ancient lore of almost all the peoples on the planet. In the Hebrew Bible, we find the biblical account of Noah, who was told by god to build an ark to carry the remnants of mankind and the animals of the earth.

In the Mesopotamian cuneiform writing there is also mention of the great deluge. In the Mesopotamia account of the deluge the Sumerian god Enki, told Atra Hasis to build a boat to same mankind during a great flood that lasted days. And in India we find mention of the god Manu, who is suppose to have saved mankind after a similar great flood.

All of these stories have a common theme. That theme is the presence in ancient times of pluvial climate which led to mankind learning more about the navigation of the seas, and boat building.

It would appear that because of the world wide flooding of low land areas, the only safe place to live at this time may have been the highland areas of Saharan Africa. It is this theory which has led to the Tamana culture bearers being called ;Proto-Saharans.

It would appear the Tamana people belonged to an ancient confederation called Maa. Members of the Maa or Fish Confederation include the Magyar, Egyptians, Elamites, Manding, Afro-Asiatic speakers and the Dravidians.

It would appear that the name Maa, was either their great ancestor Noah, Atra Hasis and etc. , or the god worshipped by these ancient navigators. In honor of this great ancestor the descendants of the Tamana people use the term ma, to denote 'greatness or highness'. For example the term for 'great' is, Magyar:Maga- s; Manding Maga; and Dravidian Ma.

The Tamana people also claim descent from the great Maa, founder of the Fish Confederation. For illus tration, the Manding or Mandikan people call themselves Ma-nde (the children of Ma); the Sumerians called themselves Mah-Gar-ri (exalted children); while the Magyar refer to themselves as Muh-ger-ri ( Mogeri) or Ma-ka-r (exalted children).

The research of Dr. Vamos-Toth indicate that the Tamana had their own writing as proven by the similar ity of the pottery writing found on ancient pottery from Africa and Eurasia. In addition they possessed an outstanding boat technology and knowledge of nautical astronomy. These Proto-Saharans offered prayers to Ka 'the ancient spirit/God' : Magyar Kan; Mandikan Kani; and Dravidian Ka-n.

Dr. Vamos Toth Bator, after years of research has found the missing link in ancient history, that is nu merous toponyms around the world that point to a common origin around the world.Although many scholars would dispute this claim right away, without reviewing the evidence , the results of Dr. Vamos Toth's research when viewed with an open mind and the hundreds of toponyms that he has discovered which show a link between place-names Africa Eurasia and the Americas, that deserves to be examined by other academics.

A key element of Vamos Toth research has been the discovery of regularity of prefixed or suffixed place- name elements. The use of this method is not new it was also used by a Mawer, in 1924 in his book The Chief Elements Used in English Place-Names.

The toponymic data collected by Vamos Toth compliments the work of N.Lahovary, who in DRAVIDIAN ORIGINS AND THE WEST made factual claims about the common origin of pre-Indo-European cultures in Europe and Asia. The discovery of the -ari element in many toponymic examples by Vamos Toth is signifi cant because ari, agrees with ur, the Dravidian suffix for 'city, village or town'. In Sumerian ur/ uru, has a similar meaning.This corresponds to terms in the Manding languages where we have furu 'property of a clan'. This compliments the findings of Lahovary of the widespread use of ar, among the hydronomic names from Europe to India.

Dr. Vamos Toth gives many Tamana place-names with the ma- element,this agrees with the Manding word ma: 'area' or 'surface', this corresponds to the Dravidian word man : 'earth', 'soil' and 'land'.

Another common place-name element found by Dr. Vamos Toth is ka and ki. The ka element seems to represent an inhabited area. For example, in the Dravidian languages ka, means fortification, in Manding languages -ka , is a locative suffix joined to place-names while in Swahili ka, means 'to live (in), dwell. In Sumerian -ki, is the past position determinative placed after the name of places and countries.

The final Tamana place-name element covered by Bator,are: gu,nu, Bum and Buna. These terms from the study of the languages spoken by the Tamana culture bearers were used to refer to home or domicile. For example, the bo or bu element is often found in the terms for house, e.g., Kannada gibu 'house' and Manding bo 'house'. The nu element can be found in many languages as n+vowel, e.g., Dravidian nakar 'house', Manding nu 'habitation of a family or clan'.

The Dravidian term mal, or mala was a common root in the toponyms of the Near East, Europe, India and Mexico. In the Dravidian languages mala means mountain, or hill or large rough rocks. In the Magyar language, a member of the Ural-Altaic group mal means 'pile, stack,heap and hill'.

The Dravidian , Manding and Ural Altaic languages can explain the place names 'sand' and 'kara'. The kara term is most interesting. This name is very popular especially in Inner Asia. This term occurs as a name for rivers or towns situated along rivers, streams or lakes. This suggest that kara, is a water sign.

This view is supported by the Manding and Dravidian languages. In Dravidian 'car' means "unite and shelter", while kar means "saltiest or brackish'. In Manding kara means "to assemble, and be dirty". This suggests that the kara toponym was used to name towns, because it signified both a place of assembly (shelter), and a place where the water would be brackish or dirty. In the Dravidian languages kari, meant river. The term kara is often associated dirt or black e.g.,Turkish kara 'black', Magyar korom 'soot,dirty' and Korean kurim 'soot'.

The sand, place name appears to denote dry uncultivated land near a river at high altitude areas of the globe. Sand, may agree with Manding sade 'uncultivated land in the region where rain is formed (the moun tains)'.This interpretation is based on the reading of sa and nde. In Manding sa, means 'serpent , rain, sky region where rain is formed' and nde 'uncultivated land near water'. It is interesting to note that -sa, -csa in Magyar means 'pond,dirty lake'.

Since the tops of mountains are usually covered by (rain) clouds ,it meant when people living in the valleys moved their habitation sites up into the mountainous areas near rivers they would call these sites sa- nde 'the sky region's land near water'. This view is supported by the fact that in Chinese ,shan means 'moun tain range', while shandi meant 'hilly land', this totally agrees with our interpretation of the term sa-nde. In the Chinese language shang would agree with sand, because shang means 'upper'. In Magyar, the word sand (shand) means 'slant of the mountains'.

Another Tamana place name is assa. The term assa, is related to water. In many ancient languages ba and a, were used to denote water.Many Manding and Dravidian words formed with an initial s(c)- today,in ancient times were formed by an initial t-. In Dravidian , Magyar and Manding ta-, indicates places. In Mandi- ng -sa , in ancient times was used to denote a place of habitation. Thus assa, could be interpreted as 'water place or locality of water'. The addition of the -s, after a-, in the term assa, is nothing more than a verbal termination. Thus if sand-assa, is near a body of water it can be interpreted as 'mountainous region of land near water', or 'much water this locality'.

Another Tamana place name was assa-ker. The term assa-ker means 'brackish water this locality' or ' much water this locality of the brackish type'.

The evidence is clear, many place names in Eurasia, Africa and the Americas are substrates that are derived from the languages spoken by the Tamana people which include Sumerian, Magyar, Mandikan and the Dravidian group.. The toponyms discovered by Dr. Vamos-Toth also highlight the wide dispersal of the Tamana people in ancient times and the origination of the substantial Nostratic vocabulary that link widely dispersed languages from Africa, to Eurasia and the Americas. The research of Dr. Vomos-Toth is witness to the High-Level Universal culture of his Tamana culture-bearers.

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