The God Ra
Universal Master in many forms
For He is creator Amon-Ra calling order to the chaos
For in the beginning he is Ra-khepri reborn in the morning bringing new growth and all things new to us
For during the morning he is Ra-Horakhty - the young sun God, protecting and healing us, sustaining all life, symbolising the growth of life
For in the day he is Ra, the powerful God - the power and existance of the day, symbolising the high in one's life
For at the end of day he is Atum-Ra , the aged one signalling the end of our day and symbolising that all things come to an end even our own lives
Then when he enters the Underworld he become Osiris-Ra, and here with Maát. Thoth, Anubis and the 42 Gods of Judgement he weigh our hearts. Symbolising that once our existance here comes to an end we will be judged to see if we are worthy to enter the Tuat and the Fields of the Reeds
He is many,
He is one,
He is with Her who loves and cares
He is with Her who is magic
They are Creation
The God Ra in detail:
Other Names: Re, Rah
Patron of: the sun, heaven, kingship, power, light.
Appearance: a pharaoh wearing the sun disk on his head.
Relations: Father of the first divine couple, Shu and Tefnut.
Grandfather of Geb and Nut, whose children were Osiris,
Isis, Seth and Nephthys.
Description: Ra was the almost universally-worshipped
king of the gods and all-father of creation. A sun god,
he was said to command the chariot that rode across
the sky during the day. A king, he was the patron of the
pharaoh. Ra is the most central god of the Egyptian pantheon.
Ra's position in the pantheon is unusual. He is the only god,
apart from Osiris, who is definitely said to be not on the
earth. Ra, it is said, is an aging god, still powerful, but too
old to deal with his children any longer, so he has gone
exclusively to the sky to watch over the world.
Horus rules over the earth and the gods in his stead,
demonstrating the divine right of kingship.
Worship: Worshipped widely throughout Egypt,
Ra was the principal sun god for centuries.
As with most widely worshiped Egyptian deities, Ra's identity was often
confused with others as different regional religiouns were merged in an
attempt to unite the country.
Amun and Amun-Ra
Amun was a member of the Ogdoad, representing creation energies withAmaunet,
a very early patron of Thebes. He was believed to create via breath, and thus was
identified with the wind rather than the sun. As the cults of Amun and Ra became
increasingly popular in Upper and Lower Egypt creator god. The name Amun-Ra
is reconstructed as *ri:ʕu). It is hard to distinguish exactly when this combination
happened, but references to Amun-Ra appeared in pyramid texts as early as the
fifth dynasty. The most common belief is that Amun-Ra was invented as a new
state deity by the (Theban) rulers of the New Kingdom to unite worshipers of
Amun with the older cult of Ra around the eighteenth dynasty.
Atum and Atum-Ra
Atum-Ra (or Ra-Atum) was another composite deity formed from two completely
separate deities, however Ra shared more similarities with Atum than with Amun.
Atum was more closely linked with the sun, and was also a creator god of the
Ennead. Both Ra and Atum were regarded as the father of the deities and pharaohs,
and were widely worshiped. In older myths, Atum was the creator of Tefnut and
Shu, and he was born fromocean Nun
In later Egyptian mythology,Ra-Horakhty was more of a title or manifestation than a composite deity. It translates as "Ra (who is) Horus of the Horizons". It was intended to link Horakhty (as a sunrise-oriented aspect of Horus) to Ra.
It has been suggested that Ra-Horakhty simply refers to the sun's journey from horizon to horizon as Ra, or that it means to show Ra as a symbolic deity of hope and rebirth. (See earlier section: Ra and the sun)
Khepri and Khnum
Khepri was a scarab beetle who rolled up the sun in the mornings, and was sometimes seen as the morning manifestation of Ra. Similarly, the ram-headed god Khnum was also seen as the evening manifestation of Ra. The idea of different deities (or different aspects of Ra) ruling over different times of the day was fairly common, but variable. With Khepri and Khnum taking precedence over sunrise and sunset, Ra often was the representation of midday when the sun reached its peak at noon. Sometimes different aspects of Horus were used instead of Ra's aspects. In Thelema's Liber Resh vel Helios, Ra represents the rising sun, with Hathor as the midday sun and Tum as the setting sun.
Ra rarely was combined with Ptah; the sun "crosses" over Ptah in the underworld before Ptah is reborn, thus there would be no sun-ray when this happens. Other combinations can and do exist: The rising sun with sun ray, the noon sun with sun ray, and sitting sun with sunray. But as per the Memphite creation myth he was often said to be Ptah's first creation, through his divine will, especially when associated with Atum or Amun
The Ka's of Ra
production of aliments
See also article on this page:
The Book of Adoration of Ra in the West
Psalms of Ra
New Book/CDNew Music set to Ancient Egyptian Texts:
The all new version of “The Psalms of RA” is a single CD plus book that is entirely focused on the ancient Egyptian-based material from the original 2 CD set. The 56 minute CD comes inside a beautifully packaged, 48 page, full color, hard cover book that is the size of a standard CD jewel case. The book includes full descriptions of every song, including instrumentation, history and cosmology, with texts in English, German and French.. All the song texts are also provided, from the original hieroglyphic versions to the phoenetic pronunciations to the translations.
The artwork and photography of composer Jim Berenholtz illustrates the book throughout its 48 pages. The photographs are exclusively drawn from Jim’s extensive travels to ancient sacred sites in Egypt and the Sudan. This highly informative and illuminating product is ideal for world music lovers, Egyptology enthusiasts, history buffs, students of metaphysics, and anyone who appreciates the art and wisdom of ancient civilizations.Experience the acoustic ritual of “The Psalms of RA”, as it takes you on a journey from sunrise to sunset to sunrise again, paralleling the journey of the soul.
Writings and source links on the God Ra.
I am not going to redo all which is already said and written on the internet and in books so if you want to know more about the Egyptian God Ra please browse these sites:
Articles relating to Egyptian Gods and the Solar Eclipse: